HIPAA ViolationsHIPAA is an acronym for "The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act".
Failure to comply with HIPAA can result in civil and criminal penalties.
HIPAA Violations - Civil PenaltiesHIPAA Violations - Violations of the Administrative Simplification Regulations can result civil monetary penalties of $100 per violation, up to $25,000 per year.
HIPAA Violations - Criminal Penalties
HIPAA Violations - Covered Entity and Specified IndividualsThe DOJ concluded that the criminal penalties for a violation of HIPAA are directly applicable to covered entities—including health plans, health care clearinghouses, health care providers who transmit claims in electronic form, and Medicare prescription drug card sponsors. Individuals such as directors, employees, or officers of the covered entity, where the covered entity is not an individual, may also be directly criminally liable under HIPAA in accordance with principles of "corporate criminal liability." Where an individual of a covered entity is not directly liable under HIPAA, they can still be charged with conspiracy or aiding and abetting.
Knowingly The DOJ interpreted the "knowingly" element of the HIPAA statute for criminal liability as requiring only knowledge of the actions that constitute an offense. Specific knowledge of an action being in violation of the HIPAA statute is not required.
HIPAA Violations - ExclusionThe Department of Health and Human Services has the authority to exclude from participation in Medicare any covered entity that was not compliant with the transaction and code set standards by October 16, 2003.
HIPAA Violations - Enforcing AgenciesThe DHHS Office of Civil Rights (OCR) enforces the privacy standards, while the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid (CMS) enforces both the transaction and code set standards and the security standards. Enforcement of the civil monetary provisions has not yet been tasked to an agency.
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